February 4, 2023

Solar and Space Physics UNIToV

Gruppo di Fisica Solare e Spaziale Università di Roma Tor Vergata

Pair separation of magnetic elements in the quiet Sun

Time-dependent PDF for pair separation of magnetic elements (a), b)), and the same rescaled to unity rms c), d) for initial separations in the range 7.42 <r0< 7.77 Mm a), c) and 10.21 <r0< 10.56 Mm b), d). The shaded areas in panels a) and b) cover the initial separation bins. All PDFs are normalized to unit area.
Time-dependent PDF for pair separation of magnetic elements (a), b)), and the same rescaled to unity rms c), d) for initial separations in the range 7.42 <r0< 7.77 Mm a), c) and 10.21 <r0< 10.56 Mm b), d). The shaded areas in panels a) and b) cover the initial separation bins. All PDFs are normalized to unit area.

The dynamic properties of the quiet Sun photosphere can be investigated by analyzing the pair dispersion of small-scale magnetic fields (i.e., magnetic elements). By using 25 h-long Hinode magnetograms at high spatial resolution (), we tracked 68 490 magnetic element pairs within a supergranular cell near the disk center. The computed pair separation spectrum, calculated on the whole set of particle pairs independently of their initial separation, points out what is known as a super-diffusive regime with spectral index γ = 1.55 ± 0.05, in agreement with the most recent literature, but extended to unprecedented spatial and temporal scales (from granular to supergranular). Furthermore, for the first time, we investigated here the spectrum of the mean square displacement of pairs of magnetic elements, depending on their initial separation r0. We found that there is a typical initial distance above (below) which the pair separation is faster (slower) than the average. A possible physical interpretation of such a typical spatial scale is also provided.

more at: http://www.aanda.org/articles/aa/abs/2014/09/aa24380-14/aa24380-14.html